[Knitting fabric knowledge] What is knitted fabric? Advantages and disadvantages of knitted fabrics
What is knitted fabric
Knitwear not only has unique advantages in home, leisure and sportswear, but also the functionality of knitwear is not a substitute for woven garments. In the design and selection of knitted garments, the characteristics of knitted fabrics should be fully considered. The demand for knitted fabrics has increased in recent years.
A knitted fabric is a fabric formed by bending a yarn into a loop by a knitting needle and splicing each other. Knitted fabrics differ from woven fabrics in that they have different shapes in the fabric. At present, knitted fabrics are widely used in apparel fabrics and linings, home textiles and other products, and are loved by consumers.
Characteristics of knitted fabrics
1. Appearance characteristics
The stitches of knitted fabrics tend to be skewed, and the garments made of knitted fabrics have poor stability and are not sufficiently stiff. At the same time, the fabrics may be curled due to factors such as the structure and structure, but in recent years, the comprehensive utilization of various fiber materials has made the appearance A certain improvement has been made.
There are large gaps in the structure of the knitted fabric, which have large deformation ability, good flexibility, good flexibility, good moisture permeability and so on. The shape of the knitted fabric can be changed from the inside to the woven fabric. The various shapes that are not available are better suited to the irregular human body, and the comfort of the knitted fabric is better than that of the woven fabric of the same weight.
The structure is loose, easy to wear, and has low strength, especially when the yarn breaks or the coil breaks off the string, which will cause separation between the wire and the coil. This property is the unique dispersibility of the knitted fabric. In general, the easy detachment of knitted fabrics can affect the appearance and wearing fastness, and thus the durability of the fabric is poor.
The same yarn in the knitted fabric forms a horizontal or vertical relationship, and when it is retracted in the direction of one direction, and can be stretched in various directions, the stretchability is large and the elasticity is good. Therefore, it is flexible and wears an aptamer, which not only reflects the curve of the human body, but also does not hinder the movement.
Advantages and disadvantages of knitted fabrics
Advantages of knitted fabrics: soft texture, moisture absorption, excellent elasticity and extensibility, and productivity. Knitwear is comfortable to wear, fits fit, and has no restraint, which fully reflects the human body curve.
Disadvantages of knitted fabrics: easy to disperse, curling, easy to hook, not as strong as woven fabric.
Type of knitted fabric
Knitted fabrics can be divided into underwear fabrics and outer fabrics according to their use. The underwear fabric is characterized by fit, flexibility, comfort, convenient movement, good softness, good moisture permeability and good anti-wrinkle performance, but the fabric is easy to disperse, the dimensional stability is poor, and it is easy to hook up and pilling. The varieties include weft needles, mesh fabrics, double ribs, single ribs, and piles.
The outer fabric is characterized by strong wear resistance, small shrinkage, easy washing and elasticity. The main products include:
Weft-knitted outerwear fabric: synthetic fiber, natural plain fabric, yarn-dyed, printed fabric, etc., with georgette fabric, velvet and blended and interwoven fabrics. The weft-knitted fabric has high strength and good elasticity, but it is easy to hook and disperse.
Warp knitted agricultural fabric: pure fiber, blended, its slipperiness is better than weft knitting, small elongation, structural and shape stability is stronger than weft knitting, stiff and not wrinkle, strong and durable, easy to wash and dry . Modern knitted fabrics are more colorful, and have entered the development stage of multi-functionality and high-grade. The new knitted fabrics with various texture effects and different functions have been developed to bring unprecedented sensory effects and visual effects to knitwear.